Chinese national "non-legacy" project song: "Sea Gups" singing Nanhai fishing songs

  Sanya on August 21st: China’s national "non-legacy" project song: "The South China Sea Fishing Song Journalists" Wang Xiaobin "The ancestors drifted to Hainan, the various conditions were difficult, the grass covered the water shed, The old man is called the family … "In June this year, the songs declared by Sanya City were selected as a representation of the representative project of China’s national intangible cultural heritage. The reporter recently went deep into the fishing village of Sanya, listening to the South China Sea fishing songs called "Sea Gups". Song is a folk song that is a folk song that is usually singing in Cantonese. The family is an ancient group, which is currently mainly distributed in Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian, Guangxi and other places.

They have lived in the history of "fishing", "boat", where to migrate, where to sing songs. The historical records, the people in Hainan Sanya have existed in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

They came from China to the South Dynastus south, as "the ancestors drifting to Hainan" said that when they went to Hainan, "the grass covered with water shed", and went to the South China Sea, fighting with wind waves, sinister living environment and Unique Make a living method, making local 疍家 人人 in terms of language habits, living customs, etc., singing songs, therefore the South China Sea style. "Time in the first month, Dongfeng, Sanya fishing boat is the most … April at the same time, the Wanli Jiangyang is a fisherman.

"This year’s 81-year-old Zhang Jun is a representative inheritor of the song city level. He has learned a fish with his father and his father. Human, wind drives the year of fishing boat, singing in Guangxi South China Sea, not only Mindling the monotonism of life, there is practical role, "to prevent it when you are booting, sometimes you come to me to the song, you can always sing to the dawn." It is understood that the song structure of singing Take four sentences as a band, the melody is mainly six-channel order, sometimes small hopping and big hopping, there are variable rhythm and complex mixing beats. Singing tunes, Sanya Song sighed Home sisters, wooden fish poetry, white 啰, 咕 哩 4 tones, lyrics theme content is divided into love songs, labor songs, ceremonies (marriage, mourning, sacrificial) songs, etc. "In the melody of songs, Less close to the Xuarian in the Western Opera, the lyrics live from daily and the government, including all things.

"Sanya College Music Institute" Musk ", the study of the songs of the songs, he believes that the song is a fresh and smart cultural carrier, reflecting the history of the hardships of the family, and also reflects the ocean of the Chinese. History of civilization.

  In Sanya’s Cultural Exhibition Hall, Zhang Jun is a song lyrics that exhibit multiple or handwritten or printing.

The reporter found that one of the men and women sings the song "Wangfu", telling a story about "Lower South Ocean": "No wind saver, the veneer, etc. Shake the big boat Grene, there is no department before a line … "Zhang Haibei said that this song is a woman to see the big ship returned from the Nanyang, rowing the boat, why her husband The same boat went without the same ship.

  Existing studies have shown that the family has been distributed with the singles of Guangdong Zhongshan, Jiangmen (Xinhui), and the southeast to Fujian. Mausoleum, Sanya and other places. Guo Jianmin found in Tianye research that the singularity of singing in today’s singularity, but some cavity adjustments and singing have characterized the "Cantonese + X" model. "Cantonese is the main body, different places, and some Chinese dialects are integrated into the song.

For example, the songs of Qionganqi North are different, and they are integrated into Hainan dialect, and the tags and words. "Guo Jianmin explained that this change is one of the charm of songs, including the research value of multiple disciplines such as language sociology, cultural geography, music communication.

  In Sanya, songs face another change. This remote "fishing village" has been developed at rapid development of China’s most famous tropical tourism holiday destination.

In the past, I have accommodated Most of the Sanya Port of life, and I have given the cruise yacht.

"The life of the family has evolved from the ‘hydrophilic’ space to ‘lysence’ space.

"Associate Professor, Hainan Tropical Ocean University, Fan Xiuling in the" Sanya’s Sanjia San Shuge Research " 5 municipal level inheritors. "Zhang Jun is the largest song inheritor of Sanya. One of the youngest is his daughter, and it has been nearly 50 years old. The song is upgraded to the national non-legacy project, let Zhang Ji and others are deeply encouraged .

With the premise of maintaining the traditional tune, the songs try to make the lyrics more "young", closer to the current life.

  Peng Yuxi, deputy director of the Municipal Mass Art Museum of Sanya City (Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Center), is one of the specific person in charge of the declaration work of the song. After the approves were approved, her work focused on the inheritance and protection of singing songs.

"Recently planned in the Sanya’s family culture exhibition hall, continued to train training in training courses, enter campus, etc., and strengthen the training training for next-generation; foreign exchange exhibition platform." Peng Yuzhen said, relying on Sanya Tourism Resources The project of "non-legacy scenic spots" is gradually promoting, and he will listen to the fresh fishing songs of the South China Sea in the Waiya Cape Visit Area, Nanshan Scenic Area. (over).